Having head lice is very common and head lice remedies are much in demand. Hair lice affects all social classes and have absolutely nothing to do with personal hygiene. Headlice like clean heads even more then dirty ones and there is nothing shameful about being infected.
If you have a child there is a good chance you will come into contact with head lice at some stage and you will need home remedies for lice.
There are three kinds of human lice - pubic lice (also called crabs), head lice (or hair lice), and body lice. Lice aren't dangerous and they do not spread disease, but they are contagious. They all feed on human blood.
Head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) are tiny, parasitic, wingless insects found on the heads of people. The only host of them are humans. They suck blood from the scalp and reside close to the scalp to maintain their body temperature.
There are 3 forms of hair lice:
Lice Eggs (nit): Head lice eggs are called nits. Lice nits are oval and very small, about the size of a knot on thread, hard to see, and are often confused for dandruff or hair spray droplets. Head lice eggs are firmly attached to the hair shaft nearest the scalp, where the temperature is perfect for keeping warm until they hatch. Nits take about 1 week to hatch.
What do lice eggs look like?
Nymph: The nit hatches into a baby louse called a nymph. It looks like an adult head louse, but is smaller, about the size of a pinhead. Nymphs mature into adult lice about 7 days after hatching. To live, the nymph must feed on blood.
Adult: The adult louse is about the size of a sesame seed, has 6 legs. Hair lice can live up to 30 days on a person's head, need to feed on blood several times daily. If the louse falls off a person, without blood meals, it dies within 2 days.
What are exactly lice symptoms? There are several lice symptoms (listed below) but be aware that majority of lice cases are symptom free which means they do not have any signs or symptoms at all.
Hair lice are most commonly found on the scalp, behind the ears and near the neckline at the back of the neck (around the nape of neck). Head louse holds on to hair with hook-like claws found at the end of each of their six legs.
Head lice are rarely found on the body, eyelashes or eyebrows.
Lice eggs in hair
Contact with an already infested person is the most common way to get lice infection. Hair lice can spread quickly from person to person, especially in group settings. Though head lice can not fly or jump, they have specially adapted claws that allow them to crawl and cling firmly to hair. Headlice spread mainly through head-to-head contact, which is common during play at school and at home.
Getting lice less commonly:
Since the only host of headlice are humans, pets or other animals can not catch head lice and pass them on to people or the other way around.
Though very small, head lice can be seen by the naked eye. An infestation is diagnosed by looking closely through the hair and scalp for nits, nymphs or adults. Finding a nymph or adult lice may be difficult, they can move quickly from searching fingers. They are an off white, brown or sort of dirt on colour. It is best to use a bright light to examine the hair and the scalp. The brighter the light the easier hair lice are to find. You may even do this outdoors under direct sun light. Try running a fine tooth comb through the hair and then examine the comb.
Even if you do not find any live lice, you may still have problems. Look also for nits, lice eggs. Nits are found attached to the individual hair shaft, close to the scalp. Lice eggs appear to be a tiny speck of sand on the hair. If you can not decide, blow on it. If it flies off on the wind - it was likely only a piece of dirt, lint or dandruff. On the other hand, if it just sits there and does not move - it is likely to be a nit.
If you are not sure if a person has head lice, the diagnosis should be made by a professional.
Traditional head lice treatment, the remedy for an outbreak of head lice is the application of powerful lotions containing pesticides. The main advantage is that such lotions can penetrate the hard casing of the lice eggs and kill the nits inside.
However, scientists and parents are beginning to think again, for the following reasons.
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